Human resource plan – OPEN

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Topic 8.4: Human resource plan

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When preparing the WBS and schedule, we make assumptions and estimates about the human resources (or people) that will be required to deliver the project.

From a management point of view, however, it is often quite difficult to conceptualise the entire human resource allocation from a series of discrete WBS entries.

For that reason, on larger projects we often prepare a separate human resource plan.

Regardless of format, the objective of a human resource plan is to ensure that each task has an unambiguous (and available) owner and that all team members have a clear understanding of their roles and responsibilities.

An organisational chart, with other key stakeholders shown

The traditional, hierarchical organisational chart structure can be used to show positions and relationships in a graphic, top-down format.

It can be formal or informal, highly detailed or broadly framed, depending on the needs of the project.

And as indicated earlier in this Module, the WBS itself may also be structured by team and/or individual levels of responsibility.

RACI (responsible, accountable, consult, and inform) chart, is another way of graphically expressing this information.

This chart maps the work to be done against the level of engagement required from each team member or stakeholder.

RACI matrix – you can also have multiple stakeholders for each category, particularly at consult and inform

There are a number of other project requirements that may be documented in the human resource management plan…